The role of plants in supporting neurodivergence in the workplace


Employee well-being has become a critical focus for modern businesses, but for neurodivergent individuals, traditional workplace environments can often be challenging. One innovative and cost-effective approach to supporting neurodivergent employees is the incorporation of plants as part of biophilic design.

Neurodivergence encompasses a variety of cognitive functioning differences, such as autism, ADHD, dyslexia, and others. Creating an inclusive and supportive environment for these employees is not only a moral imperative but also a smart business strategy. 

Understanding neurodivergence and workplace challenges

Neurodivergent individuals may experience heightened sensitivity to sensory stimuli, difficulties with concentration in open-plan offices, and an increased susceptibility to stress and anxiety. These challenges can hinder productivity and overall job satisfaction. Therefore, businesses must explore ways to create more accommodating workspaces.

The power of biophilic design

Biophilic design is the practice of connecting people and nature within built environments. This design philosophy is based on the idea that humans have an inherent need to interact with nature, and fulfilling this need can enhance well-being. The incorporation of natural elements, such as plants, can significantly transform the workplace atmosphere, making it more conducive to mental health and productivity.

The recent ‘Reap What You Sow’ study has added further weight to the benefits of biophilic design. This study examined the impact of plants on employee well-being and found substantial improvements in mental health, stress reduction, and overall job satisfaction when plants were incorporated into workspaces. The findings suggest that even minimal interaction with greenery can have a positive effect, reinforcing the value of integrating natural elements into office environments.

Benefits of plants in the workplace:

  1. Stress reduction: Numerous studies have shown that the presence of plants can reduce stress levels. Studies have found that just three minutes of looking at a plant can reduce feelings of anxiety and stress. For neurodivergent individuals, who may experience higher levels of anxiety, this can be particularly beneficial.
  1. Improved concentration and productivity: Plants can help to filter out background noise and improve air quality, creating a more comfortable and less distracting work environment. Research from the University of Exeter indicated that productivity could increase by up to 15% in workplaces with plenty of greenery.
  1. Enhanced mood and creativity: The visual appeal of plants and their ability to bring a touch of nature indoors can boost mood and creativity. For employees with ADHD, for instance, this can help to enhance focus and inspire innovative thinking.
  1. Better physical health: Plants improve air quality by absorbing pollutants and releasing oxygen. This can reduce the incidence of respiratory issues and improve overall health, leading to fewer sick days and a more robust workforce.

Implementing biophilic design: practical tips:

1. Variety and placement: Incorporate a variety of plants of different sizes and types throughout the office. Place them in common areas, personal workspaces, and near windows to maximise their visibility and impact.

2. Employee involvement: Encourage employees to personalise their workspaces with plants. This can increase their sense of ownership and engagement with the environment.

3. Natural light: Combine plants with access to natural light. Where possible, arrange desks and communal areas to maximise exposure to daylight, which complements the presence of plants and further enhances well-being.

4. Maintenance plan: Ensure there is a plan for the regular care and maintenance of the plants. This might involve hiring a professional service or rotating responsibilities among employees to care for the plants.

5. Quiet zones: Create quiet zones with abundant greenery where employees can retreat to recharge or focus without distractions. These areas can be particularly valuable for neurodivergent employees who need a break from the sensory overload of a bustling office.

Success stories

Several forward-thinking companies have successfully integrated biophilic design to support their neurodivergent employees. For instance, Microsoft’s “Treehouse” project at their Redmond campus includes meeting spaces built into the trees, offering a serene and natural setting for discussions and collaboration. Similarly, Etsy’s Brooklyn headquarters features an indoor garden and numerous plant-filled spaces, which have been credited with fostering a more relaxed and creative work atmosphere.


Supporting neurodivergent employees through thoughtful workplace design is a win-win for businesses. By incorporating biophilic elements like plants, companies can create a more inclusive, productive, and enjoyable work environment. This not only helps in retaining top talent but also enhances overall employee well-being and satisfaction. Investing in plants and other natural elements is a simple yet powerful step towards a more supportive and effective workplace for everyone, particularly for neurodivergent employees. It’s time for businesses to embrace the green revolution and reap the many benefits it brings.

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